UPPER MOTOR NEURON LESION

 

Upper motor neuron facial paresis

(Video 1, 2)

Bilateral Anterior Opercular Syndrome

(Foix–Chavany–Marie syndrome)

Spastic dysarthria 

 

Pronator drift

(Video 1, 2, 3)

 

 Arm / leg palsy

(Video 1, 2, 3)

Abnormal finger rolling

 

 Hemiplegic gait

(Video 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

 

Diplegic gait

(Video 1, 2)

 

Spasticity

(Video 1, 2, 3)

 

 

 

 

Exaggerated jaw jerk

 

Dejerine reflex

 

Hyperreflexia 

(Video 1, 2, 3)

Clavicle reflex

 

Brisk response of deep tendon reflex

of pectoralis major muscle

The pathologic deep abdominal reflex

 

Wrist clonus

 

Finger clonus

Wartenberg's thumb adduction sign

 

Patellar clonus

 

Ankle clonus

(Video 1, 2, 3, 4)

 

Positive Hoffmann's sign

(Video 1, 2, 3)

 

Beevor´s sign

(Video 1, 2, 3)

Absent superficial abdominal reflex

Dissociation of the abdominal reflexes

 

Babinski response or Babinski´s sign

(Video 1, 2)

Fanning of the toes on eliciting Babinski’s plantar sign

 Brissaud reflex

 

Stransky's sign

Rossolimo's sign

Chaddock's Sign

 

Other pathological reflexes

(Video 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6)

 

 

 

 

Spastic paraplegia