NYSTAGMUS 

 

Vestibular nystagmus (physiological)

 

Optokinetic nystagmus (physiological)

Abnormal optokinetic nystagmus

 

 

 Voluntary nystagmus

(Video 1, 2, 3)

 

 

Nystagmus nomenclature

 

Alexander's Law

 

DISCONJUGATE OR DISJUNCTIVE NYSTAGMUS

 

Monocular nystagmus

 

Spasmus nutans syndrome

(Video 1, 2, 3, 4)

Acquired pendular nystagmus

(Video 1, 2)

Internuclear ophthalmoplegia

(Video 1, 2, 3)

 

Bilateral internuclear ophthalmoplegia

(Video 1, 2, 3)

 

Seesaw nystagmus

(Video 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

 

Disconjugate nystagmus

(Video 1, 2)

 

CONJUGATE NYSTAGMUS

 

Infantile nystagmus syndrome

(congenital nystagmus)

(Video 1, 2, 3, 4)

 

Fusion maldevelopment nystagmus syndrome

(latent nystagmus)

(Video 1, 2)

 

Nystagmus blockage syndrome

Pendular convergence nystagmus

Elliptical nystagmus

 

Congenital periodic alternating nystagmus

Periodic alternating nystagmus

(Video 1, 2, 3)

 

Rebound nystagmus

(Video 1, 2, 3)

 

Up-beat and down-beat nystagmus

 

Up-beat nystagmus

(Video 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7)

 

Up-beat nystagmus with palatal myoclonus

 

Down-beat nystagmus

(Video 1, 2, 3, 4, , 6, 7)

Subtle down beat nystagmus

(Video 1, 2)

Torsional (rotatory) nystagmus

(Video 1, 2, 3)

 

Gaze-evoked nystagmus

(Video 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

Centripetal nystagmus

 

Bruns nystagmus

(Video 1, 2, 3, 4)

 

Head-shaking nystagmus

(Video 1, 2, 3)

 

Nystagmus in Wernicke encephalopathy

(Video 1, 2, 3)

 

Lid nystagmus

(Video 1, 2)

 

Ictal nystagmus