EYELID ABNORMALITIES

 

EYELID PTOSIS (CONGENITAL)

 

Simple congenital ptosis

(Weakness of levator muscle)

 

Congenital third cranial nerve palsy

 

Jaw winking (Marcus-Gunn) syndrome

(Synkinetic ptosis)

(Video 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

 

EYELID PTOSIS (ACQUIRED)

 

Oculomotor (III) nerve lesion

(Video 1, 2, 3, 4)

 

Sympathetic denervation (Horner syndrome)

 

Chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia  

(Kearns-Sayre syndrome)

(Video 1, 2, 3, 4)

 

Myasthenia gravis

(Video 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

 

Pseudo Plus-Minus Lid Syndrome

(Video 1, 2)

 

 

PSEUDOPTOSIS

 

Dermatochalasis

(Video 1, 2)

 

EYELID RETRACTION

 

Eye-popping reflex in infants

 

Collier’s sign in dorsal midbrain

(Parinaud’s) syndrome

(Video 1, 2)

 

Dalrymple sign in Graves ophthalmopathy

(Video 1, 2)

 

Lid lag (von Graefe) sign in

thyroid ophthalmopathy

 

DYNAMIC EYELID ABNORMALITIES

 

Bilateral symmetrical acquired third nerve synkinesis

 

Pseudo-Graefe or Fuch sign

(aberrant reinnervation)

(Video 1, 2, 3) 

 

Blepharoptosis

 

Blepharospasm

(Video 1, 2

 

Apraxia of lid opening

(Video 1, 2, 3)

Apraxia of eyelid closure 

Eye-closure myotonia

 

Eye-closure and lid lag sign

in paramyotonia congenita

 

Hemifacial spasm

(Video 1, 2, 3)

 

Eyelid myokymia

(Video 1, 2)

 

Eyelid nystagmus

 

Eye blinking in oculogyric crisis

 

Poor blink rate

Lid twitch response (*)