CRANIAL NERVES EXAMINATION

 

Cranial nerves (complete examination)

(Video 1, 23, 4)

 

I: OLFACTORY NERVE

 

First cranial nerve exam

(Video 1, 2)

 

II: OPTIC NERVE

 

Second cranial nerve exam

 

Direct ophthalmoscopy

(Video 1, 2, 3)

 

Visual fields

(Video 1, 2)

 

Visual acuity

(Video 1, 2

 

III, IV, VI: OCULOMOTOR,

TROCHLEAR and ABDUCENS NERVES

 

 Eye movement control

(Video 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

 

Ocular movement examination

(Video 1, 2, 3)

 

Ductions

 

Versions

(Video 1, 2)

 

Saccades

(Video 1, 2)

 

Optokinetic nystagmus

 

 

Vestibulo-ocular reflex

 

Pupillary light reflex (cranial nerves II-III)

(Video 1, 2, 3)

 

V: TRIGEMINAL NERVE

 

Fifth cranial nerve exam

(Video 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

 

VII: FACIAL NERVE

 

Seventh cranial nerve exam

(Video 1, 2, 3, 4)

 

VIII: COCHLEAR AND VESTIBULAR NERVES

 

Eighth cranial nerve exam

(Video 1, 2, 3, 4, 5)

 

Dix Hallpike test

(Video 1, 2)

 

Head thrust maneuver

(Video 1, 2)

 

Vestibuloocular reflex cancellation

 

Fukuda/ Unterberger step test

(Video 1, 2, 3)

 

IX-X: GLOSOFARINGEAL AND VAGUS NERVES

 

Ninth and tenth cranial nerves exam

(Video 1, 2, 3)

 

Swallow test

 

Swallowing reflex, phases and overview of neural control

 

XI: ACCESORY NERVE

 

Eleventh cranial nerve exam

(Video 1, 2, 3)

 

XII: HYPOGLOSSAL NERVE

 

Twelfth cranial nerve exam

(Video 1, 2, 3)